We estimated water-use efficiency and potential photosynthetic assimilation of Holm oak (Quercus ilex L.) on slopes of NW and SW aspects in a replicated field test examining the effects of intensifying drought in two Mediterranean coppice forests. We used standard techniques for quantifying gas exchange and carbon isotopes in leaves and analyzed total chlorophyll, carotenoids and nitrogen in leaves collected from Mediterranean forests managed under the coppice system. We postulated that responses to drought of coppiced trees would lead to differential responses in physiological traits and that these traits could be used by foresters to adapt to predicted warming and drying in the Mediterranean area. We observed physiological responses of the coppiced trees that suggested acclimation in photosynthetic potential and water-use efficiency: (1) a significant reduction in stomatal conductance (p<0.01) was recorded as the drought increased at the SW site; (2) foliar δ13C increased as drought increased at the SW site (p<0.01); (3) variations in levels of carotenoids and foliar nitrogen, and differences in foliar morphology were recorded, and were tentatively attributed to variation in photosynthetic assimilation between sites. These findings increase knowledge of the capacity for acclimation of managed forests in the Mediterranean region of Europe.
|Autori:||Di Matteo, G.;Perini, L.;Atzori, P.;De Angelis, P.;Mei, T.;Bertini, G.;Fabbio, G.;Scarascia Mugnozza, G.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Titolo:||Changes in foliar carbon isotope composition and seasonal stomatal conductance reveal adaptive traits in Mediterranean coppices affected by drought|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF FORESTRY RESEARCH|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|