The adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) of 1740 Italian 8–9-year-olds was evaluated using the KIDMED index and a descriptive analysis of it by socio-demographic and lifestyle factors was performed. Only 5.0% of the children resulted ‘‘high’’ adherers of MD (62.2% ‘‘average’’ and 32.8% ‘‘poor’’). This scarce adherence was due to a low consumption of fruit, vegetables, legumes, dairy products and a high intake of commercially baked goods for breakfast and sweets. Hindrances to fruit, vegetables and pulses consumption were reported for one-third of the sample. The adherence rates did not differ significantly with BMI and gender. Adherence improved with: having lunch at school; liking lunch at school; breakfast with family; no free access to food; availability of fruit and pulses; liking vegetables; higher maternal education; lower child screen time; population size of place of residence. The results show it is important to improve family food habits and dietary knowledge.
|Autori:||Roccaldo, R.;Censi, L.;D'Addezio, L.;Toti, E.;Martone, D.;D'Addesa, D.;Cernigliaro, A.;the ZOOM8 study group|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Titolo:||Adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Italian school children (The ZOOM8 Study)|
|Rivista:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCES AND NUTRITION|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|