Copper is an essential natural micronutrient. However, copper used as a plant protection product may have long-term consequences due to its accumulation in the soil. Limitations on copper use have therefore been defined in organic farming (Regulation EC 889/2008). In the light of new developments and evidence, the European Commission has planned to assess whether further restrictions are needed in the quantities of copper permitted. A two-year field trial was therefore set up with new copper formulations to evaluate the possibility of reducing the copper quantities applied with treatments and consequently to reduce copper soil residues. Plots were prepared, each containing 12 plants and repeated four times in randomized blocks. The test organism was Plasmopara viticola (Berk. and M.A. Curtis) Berl. and De Toni. Cupric formulations characterised by a low metallic content (Glutex CU 90 and Labicuper) were tested in comparison with a reference product (standard) andan untreated control. Evaluations of treatments were carried out periodically on 100 leaves and 100 bunches for each replicate. Data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis. Chemical analyses were performed to determine copper residues on leaves, grapes and soil. Samplings of leaves and grapes were carried out for eachreplicate. Soilsamples were taken from 0-20 cm and 20-40 cm depth. Total copper was determined using spectrophotometry in atomic absorption by acetylene-air flame (FAAS at λ = 324.8 μm). The results showed that the tested productswere effective in controlling downy mildew with a lower copper dosage than with the cupric formulations used as astandard. Glutex CU 90 formulation led to an annual input of copper that was a little more than a third comparedto the standard and Labicuper about a fifth or a sixth. At harvest, copper levels in grapes were much lower than RML (fixed at 50 mg/kg). With regard to the impact of cupric treatments on organic vineyard soil, no statistically significant differential increase in Cu residue was observed in soil between tested products versus untreated control. In conclusion, the environmental impact of copper in organic viticulture could be minimized through the new cupric formulations developed by agrochemical companies.
|Autori:||La Torre, A.;Pompi, V.;Mandalà, C.;Cioffi, C.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Titolo:||Grapevine downy mildew control using reduced copper amounts in organic viticulture|
|Rivista:||COMMUNICATIONS IN AGRICULTURAL AND APPLIED BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|