In this work a detailed analysis of the structure, the expression and the organization of his genes belonging to the core of histidine biosynthesis (hisBHAF) in 40 newly determined and 13 available sequences of Burkholderia strains was carried out. Data obtained revealed a strong conservation of the structure and organization of these genes through the entire genus. The phylogenetic analysis showed the monophyletic origin of this gene cluster and indicated that it did not undergo horizontal gene transfer events. The analysis of the intergenic regions, based on the substitution rate, entropy plot and bendability suggested the existence of a putative transcription promoter upstream of hisB, that was supported by the genetic analysis that showed that this cluster was able to complement Escherichia coli hisA, hisB, and hisF mutations. Moreover, a preliminary transcriptional analysis and the analysis of microarray data revealed that the expression of the his core was constitutive. These findings are in agreement with the fact that the entire Burkholderia his operon is heterogeneous, in that it contains “alien” genes apparently not involved in histidine biosynthesis. Besides, they also support the idea that the proteobacterial his operon was piecewisely assembled, i.e. through accretion of smaller units containing only some of the genes (eventually together with their own promoters) involved in this biosynthetic route. The correlation existing between the structure, organization and regulation of his “core” genes and the function(s) they perform in cellular metabolism is discussed.
|Autori:||Papaleo, M.C.;Russo, E.;Fondi, M.;Emiliani, G.;Frandi, A.;Brilli, M.;Pastorelli, R.;Fani, R.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||Structural, evolutionary and genetic analysis of the histidine biosynthetic “core” in the genus Burkholderia|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|