Pentadiplandra brazzeana Baillon (Pentadiplandraceae) is known to contain benzyl-, 3-methoxybenzyl-, 4-methoxybenzyl-, 3,4-dimethoxybenzyl-, and indole-type glucosinolates, and the essential oil obtained from its roots is mainly constituted of benzyl isothiocyanate and benzyl cyanide. In a previous study by the authors, it was surmised that partial hydrolytic degradation of 4-methoxybenzyl isothiocyanate, one major expected compound, occurred during the hydrodistillation process of essential oil preparation. To probe this hypothesis, a selection of diversely substituted benzylic-type isothiocyanates was submitted to standard hydrodistillation-mimicking conditions. After extraction with dichloromethane, the reaction mixtures were analyzed using GC-MS. The aqueous phases resulting from liquid−liquid extraction were analyzed by HPLC and GC-MS. 2-Methoxybenzyl, 4-methoxybenzyl, 3,4-dimethoxybenzyl, and 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl isothiocyanates underwent conversion into 2-methoxybenzyl, 4-methoxybenzyl, 3,4-dimethoxybenzyl, and 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl alcohols, respectively, whereas benzyl, 3-methoxybenzyl, and 4-chlorobenzyl isothiocyanates were converted into the corresponding benzylamines.
|Autori:||De Nicola, G.;Montaut, S.;Rollin, P.;Nyegue, M.;Menut, C.;Iori, R.;Tatibouet, A.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Titolo:||Stability of Benzylic-Type Isothiocyanates in Hydrodistillation-Mimicking Conditions|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|