Objective: To examine the association of breakfast consumption with objectively measured and self-reported physical activity, sedentary time and physical fitness. Design: The HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Cross-Sectional Study. Breakfast consumption was assessed by two non-consecutive 24 h recalls and by a ‘Food Choices and Preferences’ questionnaire. Physical activity, sedentary time and physical fitness components (cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness and speed/agility) were measured and self-reported. Socio-economic status was assessed by questionnaire. Setting: Ten European cities. Subjects: Adolescents (n 2148; aged 12?5–17?5 years). Results: Breakfast consumption was not associated with measured or self-reported physical activity. However, 24 h recall breakfast consumption was related to mea- sured sedentary time in males and females; although results were not confirmed when using other methods to assess breakfast patterns or sedentary time. Breakfast consumption was not related to muscular fitness and speed/agility in males and females. However, male breakfast consumers had higher cardiorespiratory fitness compared with occasional breakfast consumers and breakfast skippers, while no differences were observed in females. Overall, results were consistent using different methods to assess breakfast consumption or cardiorespiratory fitness (all P # 0?005). In addition, both male and female breakfast skippers (assessed by 24 h recall) were less likely to have high measured cardiorespiratory fitness compared with breakfast consumers (OR50?33; 95% CI 0?18, 0?59 and OR50?56; 95%CI 0?32, 0?98, respectively). Results persisted across methods.
|Autori:||Cuenca-Garcia, M.;Ruiz J.R.;Ortega, F.B.;Labayen, I.;Gonzales-Gross, M.;Moreno L.A.;Gomez-Martinez, S.;Ciarapica, D.;Hallstrom, L.;Wastlund, A,;Molnar, D.;Gottrand, F.;Manios, Y.;Widhalm, K.;Kafatos, A.;De Henauw, S.;Sjo ̈stro ̈m, M.;Castillo, M. J. on behalf of the HELENA Study Group|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Titolo:||Association of breakfast consumption with objectively measured and self-reported physical activity, sedentary time and physical fitness in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study|
|Rivista:||PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|