Three independent durum wheat mutant lines that show delayed leaf senescence or stay-green (SG) phenotype, SG196, SG310 and SG504, were compared to the parental genotype, cv. Trinakria, with respect to the photosynthetic parameters and the cellular redox state of the flag leaf in the period from flowering to senescence. The SG mutants maintained their chlorophyll content and net photosynthetic rate for longer than Trinakria, thus revealing a functional SG phenotype. They also showed a better redox state as demonstrated by: (1) a lower rate of superoxide anion production due to generally higher activity of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase in all of the SG mutants and also of the total peroxidase in SG196; (2) a higher thiol content that can be ascribed to a higher activity of the NADPH-providing enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in all of the SG mutants and also of the NADP?-dependent malic enzyme in SG196; (3) a lower pro-oxidant activity of lipoxygenase that characterises SG196 and SG504 mutants close to leaf senescence. Overall, these results show a general relationship in durum wheat between the SG phenotype and a better redox state. This relationship differs across the different SG mutants, probably as a consequence of the different set of altered genes underlying the SG trait in these independent mutant lines.
|Autori:||De Simone, V.;Soccio, M.;Borrelli, G.M.;Pastore, D.;Trono, D.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Titolo:||Stay-green trait-antioxidant status interrelationship in durum wheat (Triticum durum) flag leaf during post-flowering|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF PLANT RESEARCH|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|