Epidemiological or in vitro evidence suggests a potential role for flavonoids as anti-inflammatory agents; we investigated the effect of flavonoids-rich foods or supplements on tumor necrosis factor- alpha (TNF-alfa) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in long-term placebo-controlled human interven- tion trials. From 110 human intervention studies selected (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CHORANE, and FSTA databases), 32 long-term placebo-controlled trials were suitable for meta-analysis. After sensitivity analysis, seven studies imputed of bias were excluded and 25 studies were analyzed (TNF-a, n = 2404; IL-6, n = 2174). Levels of TNF-a decreased after flavonoid con- sumption in the fixed model only (mean difference (MD) (95% CI): −0.098 (−0.188, –0.009), p = 0.032), but metaregression results showed that neither higher dose, nor a longer duration of intervention were associated with a greater effect size. Subgroup analysis did not reveal any significant effect for quercetin and soy, but other sources (red wine, pomegranate, and tea extracts) showed a significant effect size both in fixed (MD (95% CI): TNF-alfa−0.449 (−0.619, –0.280), p < 0.001; IL-6 −0.346 (−0.612, –0.079), p = 0.011) and random (MD (95% CI): TNF-alfa−0.783 (−1.476, –0.090), p = 0.027; IL-6, −0.556 (−1.062, –0.050), p = 0.031) effect models. High-quality placebo-controlled trials are needed in order to identify flavonoids as the active ingredients.
|Autori:||Peluso, I.;Raguzzini, A.;Serafini M.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Titolo:||Effect of flavonoids on circulating levels of TNF-(alfa ) and IL-6 in humans: A systematic review and meta-analysis|
|Rivista:||MOLECULAR NUTRITION & FOOD RESEARCH|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|