Aim: Given that the information about the origin, genetic relationships among cultivars, and diversity on the Montenegrin grapevines is still partial, we carried out an overview of the germplasm in this Country, using SSR markers. Our main goal was to determine the identity of cultivars presumably unique for Montenegro and those shared with other Countries, especially the neighbouring ones. Methods and results: Seventy samples were collected and 14 genotypes were found. After SSR profiles comparison with available molecular databases and literature data, the identity of each genotype was established. Five well-known cultivars were found, the others being minor, lesser-known cultivars. Conclusion: This research provides an overview of the Montenegrin grapevine assortment. There are cultivars shared with other Countries, mainly the neighbouring ones, while others are likely native to Montenegro. Kratošija's population (alias Primitivo, Zinfandel and Crljenak Kaštelanski) has a large number of different names in Montenegro and also a wide morphological variability. Therefore, Montenegro is the best candidate as the origin and spreading point of this cultivar. Significance and impact of the study: The present study adds information on the identity, origin, diffusion and variability of some grapevine cultivars, contributing to reconstruct the history and evolution of national and trans-national ampelographic assortment of Montenegro.
|Autori:||Maraš, V.;Bozovic, V.;Giannetto, S.;Crespan, M.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Titolo:||SSR molecular markers analysis of the grapevine germplasm of Montenegro|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL DES SCIENCES DE LA VIGNE ET DU VIN|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|