Hemp seeds are of great nutritional value, containing all essential amino acids and fatty acids in sufficient amount and ratio to meet the dietary human demand. Hemp seeds do not contain cannabinoids, and because of their high contents of ω -3 fatty acids, are enjoying a growing popularity as a super-food to beneficially affect chronic inflammation. Seeds also lack the typical phenolics of hemp leaves and inflorescences, but we found that sprouting, while not triggering the production of cannabinoids, could nevertheless induce the production of the anti-inflammatory prenylflavonoids cannflavins A and B. This effect was especially marked in Ermo, a cannabinoid-free variety of Cannabis sativa L. Microsomal prostaglandin E 2 synthase (mPGES-1) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) were identified as the molecular targets of cannflavins A and B, solving an almost three-decade old uncertainty on the mechanism of their the anti-inflammatory activity. No change on the fatty acid profile was observed during sprouting, and the presence of lipophilic flavonoids combines with the high concentration of ω -3 essential acids to qualify sprouts from Ermo as a novel anti-inflammatory hemp food product worth considering for mass production and commercial development.
|Autori:||Werz, O.;Seegers, J.;Schaible, A. M.;Weinigel, C.;Barz, D.;Koeberle, A.;Allegrone, G.;Pollastro, F.;Zampieri, L.;Grassi, G.;Appendino, G.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Titolo:||Cannflavins from hemp sprouts, a novel cannabinoid-free hemp food product, target microsomal prostaglandin E 2 synthase-1 and 5-lipoxygenase|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|