A general trend of scrub encroachment and natural forest expansion (old-fi eld succession) has been occurring in the past fi fty years in Mediterranean mountain areas. While this phenomenon enhances a series of ecological processes and environmental services, it may represent a threat for biodiversity conservation when occurring on High Nature Value (HNV) extensive farmland. These open areas, created by traditional farming systems, have been recognized as a critically important European biodiversity resource. Understanding the drivers of Land Use and Land Cover Change (LUCC) and their implications on the dynamics of forest and HNV farmland habitats plays a crucial role in biodiversity conservation in protected areas. In this perspective, the case study here presented aims to model recent (1989-2008) LUCC in a National Park of the Central Apennines (Italy) and to produce a midterm forecast (2008-2020). In the past twenty years, 57% of the land uptake by shrubland and 46% by forest has been occurring on former HNV farmland. Mid-term projections (2008-2020) confi rm further HNV farmland decline. Localization of HNV farmland habitats vulnerable to change is a valuable decision-making tool to tradeoff in protected areas the conservation of traditional landscapes with the increase of forest and shrubland areas. In this perspective, concrete socio-economical and silvicultural measures are outlined to preserve these socially and economically-fragile open habitats.
|Autori:||Cimini, D.;Tomao, A.;Mattioli, W.;Barbati, A.;Corona, P.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Titolo:||Assessing impact of forest cover change dynamics on high nature value farmland under Mediterranean mountain landscape|
|Rivista:||ANNALS OF SILVICULTURAL RESEARCH|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|