An NMR analytical protocol based on complementary high and low field measurements is proposed for blueberry characterization. Untargeted NMR metabolite profiling of blueberries aqueous and organic extracts as well as targeted NMR analysis focused on anthocyanins and other phenols are reported. Bligh-Dyer and microwave-assisted extractions were carried out and compared showing a better recovery of lipidic fraction in the case of microwave procedure. Water-soluble metabolites belonging to different classes such as sugars, amino acids, organic acids and phenolic compounds as well as metabolites soluble in organic solvent such as triglycerides, sterols and fatty acids were identified. Five anthocyanins (malvidin-3-glucoside, malvidin-3-galactoside, delphinidin-3-glucoside, delphinidin-3- galactoside, and petunidin-3-glucoside) and 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl quercetin were identified in solid phase extract. The water status of fresh and withered blueberries was monitored by portable NMR and Fast Field Cycling NMR. 1H depth profiles, T2 transverse relaxation times and dispersion profiles were found to be sensitive to the withering.
|Autori:||Capitani, D.;Sobolev, A.P.;Delfini, M.;Vista, S.;Antiochia, R.;Proietti, N.;Bubici, S.;Ferrante, G.;Carradori, S.;De Salvador, F.R.;Mannina, L.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Titolo:||NMR methodologies in the analysis of blueberries|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|