After a brief presentation of the European Directives on seed marketing of conservation varieties, data relative to their implementation status are given and discussed in relation to on farm conservation of landraces. Although generally aimed to ensure in situ conservation and the sustainable use of plant genetic resources, the Directives focus on seed production and marketing instead of genetic resource conservation per se. At present, their application has only partially favoured the registration of landraces maintained on farm or preserved in ex situ collections. They can be estimated in thousands in Europe, while only a few landrace with a verified status (51 out of a total of 184 conservation varieties) are presently included in the Common Catalogue. Reasons for this scarce registration are discussed. The European Directives on seed marketing of conservation varieties are a tool to promote on farm conservation of landraces that should be used to a greater extent than at present. Registration of landraces should be strongly and principally promoted by public bodies as a measure to give access to the genetic resources, preserve them on the long term and favour the economic profit of the farmers maintaining them.
|Autori:||Spataro, G.;Negri, V.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Titolo:||The European Seed Legislation on Conservation Varieties: focus, implementation, present and future impact on landrace on farm conservation.|
|Rivista:||GENETIC RESOURCES AND CROP EVOLUTION|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|