Rotations experiment have been investigated from 1991 to 2008 under irrigated and rainfed condition in Mediterranean environment. The crops studied were: annual winter binary mixture (BM), perennial meadow (ME) and durum wheat (W) continuously rotated for 3 years and W rotated on itself for all period of experiment (CW). The forage rotations emphasized on the impact made on biochemical characteristics of topsoil and productivity of the crops. The 3 years continuous wheat rotation over forage crops assess the advantage of forage crops left in the soil on seed yield and on quality of kernel. The continuous wheat rotation (CW) reduced the soil biochemical parameters, seed yield and quality of kernel. The value of organic carbon, C/N and total nitrogen, under rainfed in comparison to the values present in the topsoil at the beginning of experiment were 6.4% and 2.48 higher and 11.2% lower in ME and lower 5.2% in organic carbon and 2.8% total nitrogen and 0.21 higher in C/N in BM. The agronomic advantages allowed by forage rotations expire their effect after 3 years of continuous wheat. Yearly yield W gain under rainfed was 11.3 kg (ha yr)−1 in BM and 62 kg (ha yr)−1 in ME. The qualitative traits of wheat kernel rotated on forage were higher than those of continuous wheat CW. Results of biochemical characteristics obtained at the end of experiment evidenced that W after BM and ME rotations sustained, under irrigated and rainfed condition, the content of organic carbon and total nitrogen and C/N in the topsoil of the cropping system while continuously CW allowed strong impact of the parameter values present at beginning of experiment (organic carbon, total nitrogen and C/N was reduced under rainfed by 23.5%, 18.2 and 0.32 and 30.3%, 15.4% and 1.72 under irrigated, respectively).
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Titolo:||Cereal-Forage Rotations Effect on Biochemical Characteristics of Topsoil and Productivity of the Crops in Mediterranean Environment|
|Rivista:||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|