This paper demonstrates the importance of different approaches such as ampelography, historical researches, and molecular analysis to reveal direct parent– child relationship. The aim of this paper was to highlight the degree of relationship to five varieties spread in southern Italy, through ampelographic and molecular characterization: Sangiovese, Mantonico di Bianco, Gaglioppo di Ciro` , Mantonicone, and Nerello Mascalese. Molecular characterization was carried out through 52 SSR molecular markers, showing that Sangiovese and Mantonico di Bianco are the parents of Gaglioppo di Ciro`, Mantonicone, and Nerello Mascalese. Ampelographic description was performed using the method developed by the Organisation Internationale de la Vigne et du Vin. This analysis identifies three distinct groups: the first brings together Sangiovese and the two offspring Nerello Mascalese and Gaglioppo di Ciro` , while Mantonico di Bianco and Mantonicone are positioned at a distance from the first and between them. Using molecular characterization, supported by the ampelographic one, we showed that Gaglioppo di Ciro`, Mantonicone, and Nerello Mascalese, three varieties recovered in the southern regions of Italy, such as Calabria and Sicily, originated by the cross between a nationally spread grape variety as Sangiovese and a Calabria autochthonous vine as Mantonico di Bianco.
|Autori:||Gasparro, M.;Caputo, A.R.;Bergamini, C.;Crupi, P.;Cardone, M.F.;Perniola, R.;Antonacci, D.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Titolo:||Sangiovese and Its Offspring in Southern Italy|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|