Miscanthus, evaluation of the adaptability of the crop in central Italy. Experimental plantation at the CRA-ING. Miscanthus x giganteus (Miscanthus) is a perennial rizhomatous grass which has received particular attention during the last decade as energy crop. The experiments carried out so far relegate the area of cultivation to northern Europe. The lack of data regarding the presence of this species in the areal potentially productive of central Italy prompted us to study its behaviour. The Consiglio per la ricerca e la sperimentazione in agricoltura, Unità di ricerca per l’ingegneria agraria (CRA-ING) has established a Miscanthus cultivation (1,600 m2) in order to evaluate the adaptability of the crop to the soil and climate conditions in the areas of Central Italy. The plantation will be used also for testing the prototypes and the machines developed by the Institute and aimed at fostering the mechanization of crop. A comparison among rhizomes with less or more than 5 buds has been carried out. For each class, fifty rhizomes were chosen and the plants derived analysed. The preliminary data on rhizome viability and strength (percentage of germination and number of stem per m-2) 30 days after transplant, seem to confirm that the presence of a main and at least two secondary buds is the most important requirement in order to assure the successful plantation. Moreover, despite the opinions on Miscanthus frugalness, the crop benefits when the specific agronomic conditions are guaranteed.
|Autori:||Pari, L.;Assirelli, A.;Croce, S.;Acampora, A.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Titolo:||Adattabilità del miscanto nell’Italia centrale. Valutazione in un impianto sperimentale|
|Rivista:||SHERWOOD. FORESTE ED ALBERI OGGI|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|