BACKGROUND: An ecotype of the lima bean, named ‘fagiolo a Formella’, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the only example of an Italian lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) ecotype, is cultivated in the Campania region of southern Italy. Physical, nutritional and processing traits of dry seedswere evaluated for twoconsecutive growing seasons (2009 and 2010). The canning quality was also investigated, but only for the harvest of 2010. RESULTS: Sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of total seed proteins allowed the attribution of ‘fagioloa Formella’ to the Mesoamerican gene pool and Sieva morphotype. Seeds have a trapezoid shape, white coat and 100-seed weight greater than 42 g. Yield, protein, trypsin inhibitor and phytic acid values were found comparable with those reported for lima bean varieties cultivated in sub-tropical areas. Moreover, we found that this ecotype is devoid of lectin. CONCLUSIONS: The good adaptation to growing environment is indicated by the fact that ‘fagiolo a Formella’ seed quality is comparable to that of lima beans grown in America. Overall the canning qualitywas found satisfactory and canning significantly destroys themain anti-nutritional compounds present in dry seeds.
|Autori:||Piergiovanni, A.R.;Sparvoli, F;Zaccardelli, M.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Titolo:||‘Fagiolo a Formella’, an Italian lima bean ecotype: biochemical and nutritional characterisation of dry and processed seeds.|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|