The aim of the present study was the evaluation of the antioxidant content in phenolic and non-phenolic extracts of ten wine samples, trying to elucidate the potential role of unusual antioxidant compounds. Samples of wines processed from red and white grapes (Vitis vinifera L.), deprived of the volatile fraction at low temperature and buffered at physiological pH, were fractionated by C18 into two fractions: FR1 and FR2. Non-phenolics, such as tartaric, malic, lactic, and succinic acids; glucose; fructose; and glycerin were mainly found in FR1, while polyphenols were present exclusively in FR2. Peroxyl radical quenching was assayed by the ORAC method, while superoxide and hydroxyl radical scavenging activity were assayed by electron paramagnetic resonance. In the ORAC and superoxide assays, most of the activity was found in FR2, while in hydroxyl radical assay, the activity was found in FR1. Model solutions were used to attribute a role to the single compounds in the evaluation of wine’s ROS scavenging capacity: the ORAC and superoxide anion scavenging effects were mainly attributed to the polyphenols, averaging 94.8%, with some contribution from glycerin, particularly in white wines. Unexpectedly, the main chemical responsible for hydroxyl radical scavenging activity was glycerin (56.1%), with the polyphenols scavenging at 18.1%.
|Autori:||Lo Scalzo, R.;Morassut, M.;Rapisarda, P.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Titolo:||Oxigen radical scavenging capacity of phenolic and non-phenolic compounds in red and white wines|
|Rivista:||CENTRAL EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOLOGY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|