Orange trees are widely cultivated in regions with high concentrations of tropospheric ozone. Citrus absorb ozone through their stomata and emit volatile organic compounds (VOC), which, together with soil emissions of NO, contribute to non-stomatal ozone removal. In a Valencia orange orchard in Exeter, California, we used fast sensors and eddy covariance to characterize water and ozone fluxes. We also measured meteorological parameters necessary to model other important sinks of ozone deposition. We present changes in magnitude of these ozone deposition sinks over the year in response to environmental parameters. Within the plant canopy, the orchard constitutes a sink for ozone, with non-stomatal ozone deposition larger than stomatal uptake. In particular, soil deposition and reactions between ozone, VOC and NO represented the major sinks of ozone. This research aims to help the development of metrics for ozone-risk assessment and advance our understanding of citrus in biosphere-atmosphere exchange.
|Autori:||Fares, S.;Weber, R.;Park, J.H.;Gentner, D.;Karlik, J.;Goldstein, A. H.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Titolo:||Ozone deposition to an orange orchard: partitioning between stomatal and non-stomatal sinks|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|